O nás     Inzerce     KontaktSpolehlivé informace o IT již od roku 2011
Hledat
Nepřehlédněte: 2. kolo: Pozoruhodné IT produkty 2020
Správa dokumentů
Digitální transformace
Informační systémy
Hlavní rubriky: Informační systémy, Mobilní technologie, Datová centra, Sítě, IT bezpečnost, Software, Hardware, Zkušenosti a názory, Speciály

Pozoruhodné IT produkty 2020
E-knihy o IT zdarma
Odborné IT konference BusinessIT
Manuál Linux
[Linux manuál]

mlockall: zakázat stránkování pro volání

Originální popis anglicky: mlockall - disable paging for calling process

Návod, kniha: Linux Programmer's Manual

STRUČNĚ

#include <sys/mman.h>
 
int mlockall(int flags);

POPIS / INSTRUKCE

mlockall disables paging for all pages mapped into the address space of the calling process. This includes the pages of the code, data and stack segment, as well as shared libraries, user space kernel data, shared memory and memory mapped files. All mapped pages are guaranteed to be resident in RAM when the mlockall system call returns successfully and they are guaranteed to stay in RAM until the pages are unlocked again by munlock or munlockall or until the process terminates or starts another program with exec. Child processes do not inherit page locks across a fork.
 
Memory locking has two main applications: real-time algorithms and high-security data processing. Real-time applications require deterministic timing, and, like scheduling, paging is one major cause of unexpected program execution delays. Real-time applications will usually also switch to a real-time scheduler with sched_setscheduler. Cryptographic security software often handles critical bytes like passwords or secret keys as data structures. As a result of paging, these secrets could be transfered onto a persistent swap store medium, where they might be accessible to the enemy long after the security software has erased the secrets in RAM and terminated. For security applications, only small parts of memory have to be locked, for which mlock is available.
 
The flags parameter can be constructed from the bitwise OR of the following constants:
MCL_CURRENT
Lock all pages which are currently mapped into the address space of the process.
MCL_FUTURE
Lock all pages which will become mapped into the address space of the process in the future. These could be for instance new pages required by a growing heap and stack as well as new memory mapped files or shared memory regions.
If MCL_FUTURE has been specified and the number of locked pages exceeds the upper limit of allowed locked pages, then the system call which caused the new mapping will fail with ENOMEM. If these new pages have been mapped by the the growing stack, then the kernel will deny stack expansion and send a SIGSEGV.
 
Real-time processes should reserve enough locked stack pages before entering the time-critical section, so that no page fault can be caused by function calls. This can be achieved by calling a function which has a sufficiently large automatic variable and which writes to the memory occupied by this large array in order to touch these stack pages. This way, enough pages will be mapped for the stack and can be locked into RAM. The dummy writes ensure that not even copy-on-write page faults can occur in the critical section.
 
Memory locks do not stack, i.e., pages which have been locked several times by calls to mlockall or mlock will be unlocked by a single call to munlockall. Pages which are mapped to several locations or by several processes stay locked into RAM as long as they are locked at least at one location or by at least one process.

NÁVRATOVÁ HODNOTA

On success, mlockall returns zero. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.

CHYBY / ERRORY

EINVAL
Unknown flags were specified.
ENOMEM
The process tried to exceed the maximum number of allowed locked pages.
EPERM
The calling process has insufficient privilege to call mlockall. Under Linux the CAP_IPC_LOCK capability is required.

DOSTUPNOST

On POSIX systems on which mlockall and munlockall are available, _POSIX_MEMLOCK is defined in <unistd.h> to a value greater than 0. (See also sysconf(3).)

ODPOVÍDAJÍCÍ

POSIX.1b, SVr4. SVr4 documents an additional EAGAIN error code.

SOUVISEJÍCÍ

mlock(2), munlock(2), munlockall(2), sysconf(3), capabilities(7)
2004-05-27 Linux 2.6.6
©2011-2020 BusinessIT.cz, ISSN 1805-0522 | Názvy použité v textech mohou být ochrannými známkami příslušných vlastníků.
Provozovatel: Bispiral, s.r.o., kontakt: BusinessIT(at)Bispiral.com | Inzerce: Best Online Media, s.r.o., zuzana@online-media.cz
O vydavateli | Pravidla webu BusinessIT.cz a ochrana soukromí | pg(9402)