O nás     Inzerce     KontaktSpolehlivé informace o IT již od roku 2011
Hledat
Nepřehlédněte: 2. kolo: Pozoruhodné IT produkty 2020
Správa dokumentů
Digitální transformace
Informační systémy
Hlavní rubriky: Informační systémy, Mobilní technologie, Datová centra, Sítě, IT bezpečnost, Software, Hardware, Zkušenosti a názory, Speciály

Pozoruhodné IT produkty 2020
E-knihy o IT zdarma
Odborné IT konference BusinessIT
Manuál Linux
[Linux manuál]

write: zapisovat do deskriptoru souboru

Originální popis anglicky: write - write to a file descriptor

Návod, kniha: Linux Programmer's Manual

STRUČNĚ

#include <unistd.h>
 
ssize_t write(int fd, const void *buf, size_t count);

POPIS / INSTRUKCE

write writes up to count bytes to the file referenced by the file descriptor fd from the buffer starting at buf. POSIX requires that a read() which can be proved to occur after a write() has returned returns the new data. Note that not all file systems are POSIX conforming.

NÁVRATOVÁ HODNOTA

On success, the number of bytes written are returned (zero indicates nothing was written). On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately. If count is zero and the file descriptor refers to a regular file, 0 will be returned without causing any other effect. For a special file, the results are not portable.

CHYBY / ERRORY

EAGAIN
Non-blocking I/O has been selected using O_NONBLOCK and the write would block.
EBADF
fd is not a valid file descriptor or is not open for writing.
EFAULT
buf is outside your accessible address space.
EFBIG
An attempt was made to write a file that exceeds the implementation-defined maximum file size or the process' file size limit, or to write at a position past than the maximum allowed offset.
EINTR
The call was interrupted by a signal before any data was written.
EINVAL
fd is attached to an object which is unsuitable for writing.
EIO
A low-level I/O error occurred while modifying the inode.
ENOSPC
The device containing the file referred to by fd has no room for the data.
EPIPE
fd is connected to a pipe or socket whose reading end is closed. When this happens the writing process will also receive a SIGPIPE signal. (Thus, the write return value is seen only if the program catches, blocks or ignores this signal.)
Other errors may occur, depending on the object connected to fd.

ODPOVÍDAJÍCÍ

SVr4, SVID, POSIX, X/OPEN, 4.3BSD. SVr4 documents additional error conditions EDEADLK, ENOLCK, ENOLNK, ENOSR, ENXIO, or ERANGE. Under SVr4 a write may be interrupted and return EINTR at any point, not just before any data is written.

NOTES

A successful return from write does not make any guarantee that data has been committed to disk. In fact, on some buggy implementations, it does not even guarantee that space has successfully been reserved for the data. The only way to be sure is to call fsync(2) after you are done writing all your data.

SOUVISEJÍCÍ

close(2), fcntl(2), fsync(2), ioctl(2), lseek(2), open(2), read(2), select(2), fwrite(3), writev(3)
2001-12-13 Linux 2.0.32
©2011-2020 BusinessIT.cz, ISSN 1805-0522 | Názvy použité v textech mohou být ochrannými známkami příslušných vlastníků.
Provozovatel: Bispiral, s.r.o., kontakt: BusinessIT(at)Bispiral.com | Inzerce: Best Online Media, s.r.o., zuzana@online-media.cz
O vydavateli | Pravidla webu BusinessIT.cz a ochrana soukromí | pg(8680)