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Manuál Linux
[Linux manuál]

login, logout: zapisujte utmp a wtmp položky

Originální popis anglicky: login, logout - write utmp and wtmp entries

Návod, kniha: Linux System Administration

STRUČNĚ

#include <utmp.h>
 
void login(const struct utmp *ut);
 
int logout(const char *ut_line);

POPIS / INSTRUKCE

The utmp file records who is currently using the system. The wtmp file records all logins and logouts. See utmp(5).
The function login() takes the supplied struct utmp ut, and writes it to both utmp and wtmp file.
The function logout() clears the entry in the utmp file again.

GNU DETAILS

More precisely, login() takes the argument ut struct, fills the field ut->ut_type (if there is such a field) with the value USER_PROCESS, and fills the field ut->ut_pid (if there is such a field) with the process ID of the calling process. Then it tries to fill the field ut->ut_line. It takes the first of stdin, stdout, stderr that is a tty, and stores the corresponding pathname minus a possible leading /dev/ into this field, and then writes the struct to the utmp file. On the other hand, if no tty name was found, this field is filled with "???" and the struct is not written to the utmp file. After this, the struct is written to the wtmp file.
The logout() function searches the utmp file for an entry matching the ut_line argument. If a record is found, it is updated by zeroing out the ut_name and ut_host fields, updating the ut_tv timestamp field and setting ut_type (if there is such a field) to DEAD_PROCESS.

RETURN VALUES

The logout() function returns 1 if the entry was successfully written to the database, or 0 if an error occurred.

NOTE

These functions are included in libutil, hence you'll need to add -lutil to your compiler commandline.
 
Note that the member ut_user of struct utmp is called ut_name in BSD. Therefore, ut_name is defined as an alias for ut_user in utmp.h.

FILES

/var/run/utmp
user accounting database, configured through _PATH_UTMP in <paths.h>
/var/log/wtmp
user accounting log file, configured through _PATH_WTMP in <paths.h>

SOUVISEJÍCÍ

getutent(3), utmp(5)
2004-05-06 GNU/Linux
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