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Manuál Linux
[Linux manuál]

getgroups, setgroups: získat / nastavit seznam ID doplňkových skupin

Originální popis anglicky: getgroups, setgroups - get/set list of supplementary group IDs

Návod, kniha: Linux Programmer's Manual

STRUČNĚ

#include <sys/types.h>
 
#include <unistd.h>
 
int getgroups(int size, gid_t list[]);
 
#include <grp.h>
 
int setgroups(size_t size, const gid_t *list);

POPIS / INSTRUKCE

getgroups
Up to size supplementary group IDs (of the calling process) are returned in list. It is unspecified whether the effective group ID of the calling process is included in the returned list. (Thus, an application should also call getegid(2) and add or remove the resulting value.) If size is zero, list is not modified, but the total number of supplementary group IDs for the process is returned.
setgroups
Sets the supplementary group IDs for the process. Appropriate privileges (Linux: the CAP_SETGID capability) are required.

NÁVRATOVÁ HODNOTA

getgroups
On success, the number of supplementary group IDs is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.
setgroups
On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.

CHYBY / ERRORY

EFAULT
list has an invalid address.
EINVAL
For setgroups, size is greater than NGROUPS (32 for Linux 2.0.32). For getgroups, size is less than the number of supplementary group IDs, but is not zero.
EPERM
The calling process has insufficient privilege to call setgroups.

NOTES

A process can have up to at least NGROUPS_MAX supplementary group IDs in addition to the effective group ID. The set of supplementary group IDs is inherited from the parent process and may be changed using setgroups. The maximum number of supplementary group IDs can be found using sysconf(3):
    long ngroups_max;
    ngroups_max = sysconf(_SC_NGROUPS_MAX);
The maximal return value of getgroups cannot be larger than one more than the value obtained this way.
The prototype for setgroups is only available if _BSD_SOURCE is defined (either explicitly, or implicitly, by not defining _POSIX_SOURCE or compiling with the -ansi flag).

ODPOVÍDAJÍCÍ

SVr4, SVID (issue 4 only; these calls were not present in SVr3), X/OPEN, 4.3BSD. The getgroups function is in POSIX.1. Since setgroups requires privilege, it is not covered by POSIX.1.

SOUVISEJÍCÍ

getgid(2), setgid(2), initgroups(3), capabilities(7)
2004-05-27 Linux 2.6.6
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