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nearbyint, nearbyintf, nearbyintl: funkce zaokrouhlování s plovoucí desetinnou čárkou

Originální popis anglicky: nearbyint, nearbyintf, nearbyintl - floating-point rounding functions

Návod, kniha: POSIX Programmer's Manual

STRUČNĚ

#include <math.h>
 
 
double nearbyint(double x);
 
float nearbyintf(float x);
 
long double nearbyintl(long double x);
 

POPIS / INSTRUKCE

These functions shall round their argument to an integer value in floating-point format, using the current rounding direction and without raising the inexact floating-point exception.
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.

NÁVRATOVÁ HODNOTA

Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the rounded integer value.
If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is ±0, ±0 shall be returned.
If x is ±Inf, x shall be returned.
If the correct value would cause overflow, a range error shall occur and nearbyint(), nearbyintf(), and nearbyintl() shall return the value of the macro ±HUGE_VAL, ±HUGE_VALF, and ±HUGE_VALL (with the same sign as x), respectively.

CHYBY / ERRORY

These functions shall fail if:
Range Error
The result would cause an overflow.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the overflow floating-point exception shall be raised.
 
The following sections are informative.

PŘÍKLADY POUŽITÍ

None.

APPLICATION USAGE

On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.

RATIONALE

None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.

SOUVISEJÍCÍ

feclearexcept() , fetestexcept() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h> Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
2003 IEEE/The Open Group
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