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Manuál Linux
[Linux manuál]

getipnodebyname, getipnodebyaddr, freehostent: získat názvy a adresy síťových hostitelů

Originální popis anglicky: getipnodebyname, getipnodebyaddr, freehostent - get network host names and addresses

Návod, kniha: Linux Programmer's Manual

STRUČNĚ

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netdb.h>
 
struct hostent *getipnodebyname(const char *name, int af, int flags, int *error_num);
 
struct hostent *getipnodebyaddr(const void *addr, size_t len, int af, int *error_num);
 
void freehostent(struct hostent *ip);

POPIS / INSTRUKCE

These functions are deprecated. Use getaddrinfo(3) and getnameinfo(3) instead.
The getipnodebyname(3) and getipnodebyaddr(3) functions return the names and addresses of a network host. These functions return a pointer to the following structure:
 
struct hostent {
        char    *h_name;
        char    **h_aliases;
        int     h_addrtype;
        int     h_length;
        char    **h_addr_list;
};
These functions replace the gethostbyname(3) and gethostbyaddr(3) functions, which could only access the IPv4 network address family. The getipnodebyname(3) and getipnodebyaddr(3) functions can access multiple network address families.
Unlike the gethostby functions, these functions return pointers to dynamically allocated memory. The freehostent(3) function is used to release the dynamically allocated memory after the caller no longer needs the hostent structure.

getipnodebyname parameters

The getipnodebyname(3) function looks up network addresses for the host specified by the name parameter. The af parameter specifies one of the following values:
AF_INET
The name parameter points to a dotted-quad IPv4 address or a name of an IPv4 network host.
AF_INET6
The name parameter points to a hexadecimal IPv6 address or a name of an IPv6 network host.
The flags parameter specifies additional options. More than one option can be specified by logically OR-ing them together. flags should be set to 0 if no options are desired.
AI_V4MAPPED
This flag is used with AF_INET6 to request a query for IPv4 addresses instead of IPv6 addresses; the IPv4 addresses will be mapped to IPv6 addresses.
AI_ALL
This flag is used with AI_V4MAPPED to request a query for both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses. Any IPv4 address found will be mapped to an IPv6 address.
AI_ADDRCONFIG
This flag is used with AF_INET6 to further request that queries for IPv6 addresses should not be made unless the system has at least one IPv6 address assigned to a network interface, and that queries for IPv4 addresses should not be made unless the system has at least one IPv4 address assigned to a network interface. This flag may be used by itself or with the AI_V4MAPPED flag.
AI_DEFAULT
This flag is equivalent to (AI_ADDRCONFIG | AI_V4MAPPED).

getipnodebyaddr parameters

The getipnodebyaddr(3) function looks up the name of the host whose network address is specified by the addr parameter. The af parameter specifies one of the following values:
AF_INET
The addr parameter points to a struct in_addr and len must be set to sizeof(struct in_addr).
AF_INET6
The addr parameter points to a struct in6_addr and len must be set to sizeof(struct in6_addr).

NÁVRATOVÁ HODNOTA

A null pointer is returned if an error occurred, and error_num will contain an error code from the following list:
HOST_NOT_FOUND
The host name or network address was not found.
NO_ADDRESS
The domain name server recognized the network address or name, but no answer was returned. This can happen if the network host has only IPv4 addresses and a request has been made for IPv6 information only, or vice versa.
NO_RECOVERY
The domain name server returned a permanent failure response.
TRY_AGAIN
The domain name server returned a temporary failure response. You might have better luck next time.
A successful query returns a pointer to a hostent structure that contains the following fields:
h_name
This is the official name of this network host.
h_aliases
This is an array of pointers to unofficial aliases for the same host. The array is terminated by a null pointer.
h_addrtype
This is a copy of the af parameter to getipnodebyname(3) or getipnodebyaddr(3). h_addrtype will always be AF_INET if the af parameter was AF_INET. h_addrtype will always be AF_INET6 if the af parameter was AF_INET6.
h_length
This field will be set to sizeof(struct in_addr) if h_addrtype is AF_INET, and to sizeof(struct in6_addr) if h_addrtype is AF_INET6.
h_addr_list
This is an array of one or more pointers to network address structures for the network host. The array is terminated by a null pointer.

NOTES

These functions have been present in glibc 2.1.91-95, but were removed again. Several Unix-like systems support them, but all call them deprecated.

ODPOVÍDAJÍCÍ

RFC 2553.

SOUVISEJÍCÍ

getaddrinfo(3), getnameinfo(3), inet_ntop(3), inet_pton(3)
2002-04-03 Linux Man Page
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